Young Girl in a Lilac Tunic (1770-90). Jean-Baptiste Greuze (French, 1725-1805). Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg.
While retaining the clear, bright colors and lighter attitude of 18th-century painting, Greuze introduced a Dutch-influenced realism into French genre painting and portraiture. Through vivid facial expressions and dramatic gestures, Greuze’s moralizing paintings exemplified the new idea that painting should relate to life.